Shaanxi Province

Chinese: 陕西
Pinyin: Shǎnxī

The Great Wall in Shaanxi is divided into these locations:

Inner Mongolia

The Great Wall in Inner Mongolia has just one major location:

Shaanxi is not to be confused with Shanxi. Shaanxi and Shanxi are pronounced the same except for the tone. Shaanxi is spelled with a double “a” to indicate that it is pronounced with the third tone, rather than the first tone for Shanxi.

The Great Wall follows the approximate northern border of Shaanxi Province.

Central Shaanxi (as well as southern Shanxi and eastern Gansu) is home to the Loess Plateau, which features highly erosion-prone soil sediment that has been deposited by wind storms on the plateau over the ages.

Shaanxi province has an area of 205,800 square kilometers (79,500 square miles) and has a population of about forty million. The northern part of Shaanxi is cold in the winters and very hot in the summers, with dry winter and spring seasons. Its southern portion generally receives more rain. Annual mean temperature is roughly between 8°C and 16°C (46°F and 61°F), with January temperatures ranging from −11°C to 3.5°C (12°F to 38°F) and July temperatures ranging from 21°C to 28°C (70°F to 82°F).

The total length of the Great Wall in Shaanxi is more than 1600 kilometers (one thousand miles). Most of the walls were built in the Wei, Qin, Sui, and Ming Dynasties. The Ming walls were built of stone and brick. Earlier walls were built of rammed earth. The majority of the walls in Shaanxi are highly deteriorated but still visible.